Causes and Symptoms of Metabolic Disease


Metabolic disease, also known as metabolic syndrome, is a group of risk factors that greatly increase your risk for diabetes, cardiovascular disorders like heart disease and stroke, and other serious health problems. In order to be diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, you must have at least three of these five risk factors:

  • A large waist size (substantial abdominal fat). This is defined as a waist size of at least 40 inches for men and 35 inches for women.

  • High cholesterol (triglycerides), meaning that you have a triglyceride level of greater than 150 mg and/or your doctor has prescribed cholesterol-lowering medication.

  • Low good cholesterol (HDL), defined as less than 40 mg for men and less than 50 mg for women, and/or that your doctor has prescribed cholesterol medication for you to take.

  • High blood pressure, defined as greater than 135/85 mm Hg and/or your doctor has prescribed you high blood pressure medication.

  • A fasting blood sugar level of 100 mg or higher

Because metabolic syndrome is a collection of risk factors rather than an actual disease, it has a variety of causes. Though doctors have not identified all the reasons why someone might develop this condition, some of the key factors include a diagnosis of insulin resistance, meaning that the body cannot process insulin effectively; obesity, particularly extra fat in the abdominal area; hormonal imbalance; and leading an unhealthy lifestyle (for example, a high fat diet combined with little to no physical exercise).

At Nano Health Associates in Hollywood and Miami Beach, we take a proactive approach to medicine. We want patients to take charge of their lives and work to stay healthy – and avoid illness and other problems that come as we age. Contact Nano Health today to schedule an appointment and learn more about how to become healthy and stay that way.

Often, the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome have no symptoms. You should form a relationship with a primary care physician, who can screen you for these risk factors and help you make lifestyle changes and prescribe medications that may reduce your risk. However, if you are in the process of developing metabolic syndrome, you may notice that you experience diabetes-like symptoms such as increased thirst and urination, fatigue and blurred vision.

Because metabolic syndrome so greatly increases your risk for developing heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other life-threatening illness, it’s critical that you make lifestyle changes as soon as you begin to develop any of the five risk factors. The good news is that by losing weight, eating a healthy diet, and taking medication as prescribed by your doctor, you can typically head off metabolic syndrome at the pass and put yourself on the path to leading a healthy life.


3700 Washington St Suite 400,

Hollywood, FL 33021

Phone. 954-980-0361


Miami Beach

300 W 41st St Suite 217,

Miami Beach, FL 33140

Phone. 305-760-8756